Steven Cook of Biblische Ausbildung directs us to an agate fragment with cuneiform script discovered in Malta.
Cultura Itatia has some details.
Italian archaeologists working in Malta have made a sensational discovery: an agate carved with cuneiform script dating back to the 2nd millennium BC, but whose votive nature can be traced to the city of Nippur, in Mesopotamia. The finding took place during an excavation campaign conducted by an archaeological mission from the University of Rome “La Sapienza”, led by palaeontology professor Alberto Cazzella, in collaboration with the University of Foggia, represented by Giulia Recchia, and in agreement with the Superintendence of Cultural Heritage in Malta, directed by Anthony Pace.
The agate is shaped like a crescent moon. It can be deduced from the inscription that a group of worshippers dedicated the precious stone to the moon god Sin, who was worshipped in the city of Nippur (Ninurta) in Mesopotamia. The stone was found during archaeological digs carried out in Tas-Silg, . . .
The script on the agave opens the way for new scenarios. Interpreted by Father Werner Mayer of the Pontifical Biblical Institute in Rome, who ascribes it to the 13th century BC and the city of Nippur, in Mesopotamia, it is immediately evident that its presence in Malta is exceptional. How did it get to the sanctuary of Tas-Silg? Ninurta was for a lengthy period of time the main divinity in Nippur, until it was replaced by Enlil. According to tradition, Ninurta was the son of the Moon god, and for this reason Nippur was considered a holy city, with many temples, and a pilgrimage site that hosted a renowned school for scribes that produced numerous literary texts.
Its arrival in Malta remains shrouded in mystery; it is likely that the stone was looted from the temple of Nippur by armies at war with the Babylonians. Having fallen into the hands of Cypriot or Mycenaean merchants, who had trading relations with Sicily and the central Mediterranean at the time, it was likely brought by them from the Near East to Malta.
However this artifact make it to ancient Malta, it is further evidence of contact between the Near East and the west in antiquity. I may post what can be read of the text of the inscription after I’ve had a little more time to play with it.